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Denial Continues under SCSP and TSP in 2013-14

by admin last modified 2013-03-26 12:06

In 2013-14 under SCSP and TSP only 10% and 6% allocation is earmark for SCs/STs respectively.

Dalit Arthik Adhikar Andolan – National Campaign on Dalit Human Rights

Scheduled Caste Sub Plan (SCSP) and Tribal Sub Plan (TSP)

Union Budget Watch (2013-14) Highlights-

Dalits and Adivasis have been suffering from twofold discrimination of social exclusion and economic exploitation for many years and this also continues now.   This year again, as per the SCSP and TSP, meant to be a mechanism for the economic empowerment of SCs and STs. However the quantum of allocation to the necessary sectors and the nature of schemes continue to be flagrantly violated by central government departments ever since the SCSP/TSP came into existence.

  • FY 2013-14 Total Plan Expenditure[1]Budget of Union government is Rs. 4,19,068. Crores.  Amount allocated for Scheduled Caste Sub Plan (SCSP) and Tribal Sub Plan (TSP) is Rs. Cr. 41,561 and Rs. Cr.24,598  which accounts to 9.92% (SCSP) and 5.87% (TSP).
  • Denied budget allocation Rs. Cr. 26327 (39%) in SCSP and Rs. Cr. 9765 (28%) in for TSP. As per policy guidelines SCSP and TSP should at least in proportion of percentage of SC and ST population (16.2 for SCP and 8.2 for TSP).
  •  This yearsbudget for SCSP and TSP shown a minor increaseof 0.43 % and 0.32%, respectively comparing with last year budget i.e. 2012-13. Whereas, overall budget shown the growth of 29.4 per cent.  
  •  25 Ministries/department have allocated for SCSP and 32 for TSP for this year. Under TSP, 53 new schemes with the budget of Rs. 760.89 crores and similar number of new schemes under SCSP.
  • Ministry of Tribal Affair, Drinking water and sanitation, Rural department, School education and literacy, health and Family welfare has shown an in the increased the budget. (Details on the last page).
  • In 2013-14 under SCSP, only 12 Ministries/Departments had made allocations for SC Women amounting to 29% of the total SCSP. It is found that ministries/ department, like Home Affairs, Drinking water and Sanitation, Telecommunication, Sports and Youth affairs, Culture, Earth Science, which also contribute to women’s development have yet to make specific SC Women focused programmes. A similar trend is also observed under TSP.

Why less allocation in FY 2013-14 Budget and low priority towards SCs and STs ?

Over last three decade experiencing the lacuna in implementation of SCSP/TSP and to ensure the fool proof allocation of funds by central ministries for scheduled caste and scheduled tribe welfare schemes in future, the NarendraJadhav Task Force set up in 2010. The Task Force reviewed and re-examined the SCSP and TSP guidelines.

Key recommendation of Narendra Jadhav Task force

Earmark funds under SCSP/TSP from the Plan outlay, at least in proportion of their population

Percentage share of allocation in 4 categories.

CatergoryI–no obligation to earmark plan funds under SCSP and TSP assuming that it will be difficult to quantify  the benefit to SCs and STs.

Catergory II-  ≤ 15% allocation ( SCSP ) &≤ 7.5% ( TSP)

Category III - 15 – 16.2% allocation ( SCSP) &7.5-8.2% ( TSP)

Category IV - >16.2% allocation  &>8.2%( TSP)   

Status in 2013-14 Budget and scope of improvement

Far short,  Rs. Cr. 26327.89 (39% ) in SCSP and Rs. Cr. 9765.19(28%) in for TSP, of the recommended allocations by the Task Force.

Ministries/ Depts[2]classified under category –I have significant importance in development. However,on examination of these below mentioned Dept., it is possible to have divisible schemes that will directly benefit SCs and STs.

Ministries/Dept[3]under category –II substantially contributes to economic growth of the country. Critical importance for the long-term development of SCs/STs.

Ministries/Dept[4] under category –IIIprogramme has been hit by policy and institutional bottlenecks, resulting in the majority of SCs/STs continuing to live in conditions of socio- economic backwardness.

The dept[5] is of survival importance - to live in dignity is no less an immediate need of  high priority   

% in Budget                   2013-14            SCSP9.92%            TSP 5.87 %

Nill


5.8% SCSP

3.1% TSP

12.5% SCSP

7.3 % TSP

17.8 % SCSP, 10.8 TSP

This new approach of categorization, instead of bridging the gap in SCSP/TSP, enhances the development gap thereby endangering the comprehensive development of the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.

Mostly for Survival and Lesser allocation for the Development!

Sectoral allocation Under SCSP and TSP , 2013-14

Sector
   

Allocation/ Budget

Rs. In crores
   

SCSP
   

TSP

Social Service
   

24,717.16
   

12,632.52

Housing
   

5,686.93
   

3,787.01

Rural Development
   

2,009.28
   

1,314.06

Agriculture & allied activities
   

2,269.62
   

 

10,77.78

Energy
   

853.23
   

31.60

Industry & Mineral
   

588.79
   

309.50

Science technology & environment
   

211.43
   

 

101.48

Communication
   

60.00
   

215.50

Transport
   

0.00
   

800.00

Welfare
   

5,164.69
   

4,325.00

Total
   

41,561.13
   

24,594.45

 

The Plan allocation/outlays are segregated as sectoralallocations, are classified as ‘social  services’ and ‘Economic service’. Most of the schemes under the social service[6]are rendering social services are of ‘survival in nature’ .Economic sectors[7]are  considered as ‘Development’ by nature. There are few sectors which have the component of social protection and provide the scope of Participation. Based on our details understanding of the schemes for the SCs and STs, around 70% of the allocations are for the survival and only 20 % for the development this shows the least priority of the government towards the economic growth of the SCs and STs[8].

 

 

Nature of the schemes is that a large proportion of schemes 77.23% for SCSP and 67.89% for TSP are just general or notional schemes may not have the tacking the poverty and unemployment; creation of productive assets and income generating opportunities; etc.

 

 

Department wise allocation of Union Budget 2013-14 (Rs. In Cr.)[9]

Demand No.
   

Dept/Min
   

 
   

SCSP
   

TSP

Total Plan Allocation according to Vol-2
   

 2012-2013 Revised
   

2013-2014 Budget
   

% of Allocation
   

 2012-2013 Revised
   

2013-2014 Budget
   

% of Allocation

1
   

Dept of Agri and Coop
   

21609
   

1534
   

1888
   

9
   

757
   

933
   

4

2
   

Dept of Agri Research & Edu
   

3415
   

0
   

0
   

0
   

86
   

123
   

4

3
   

Dept of Animal Hus, Dairying
   

2025
   

292
   

328
   

16
   

0
   

0
   

0

10
   

Min of Coal
   

450
   

0
   

0
   

0
   

31
   

32
   

7

11
   

Dept of Commerce
   

2226
   

94
   

100
   

4
   

0
   

0
   

0

12
   

Dept of Ind Policy & Pro
   

1501
   

6
   

42
   

3
   

0
   

0
   

0

14
   

Dept of Telecom
   

5800
   

0
   

0
   

0
   

6
   

15
   

0

15
   

Dept of Electro and IT
   

3000
   

52
   

60
   

2
   

138
   

201
   

7

17
   

Dept of Food & Pub Dist
   

259
   

0
   

0
   

0
   

3
   

6
   

2

19
   

Ministry of Culture
   

1435
   

0
   

0
   

0
   

17
   

29
   

2

29
   

Min of Drinking Water & San
   

15260
   

2860
   

3358
   

22
   

1300
   

1526
   

10

31
   

Min. of Envir and Forest
   

2430
   

43
   

53
   

2
   

15
   

16
   

1

47
   

Dept. of Health and Fam. Wel
   

29165
   

3713
   

4433
   

15
   

1804
   

2392
   

8

48
   

Department of Ayurveda, Yoga
   

1069
   

34
   

53
   

5
   

13
   

21
   

2

50
   

Department of AIDS Control
   

1785
   

267
   

271
   

15
   

144
   

146
   

8

58
   

Ministry of HUPA
   

1460
   

163
   

329
   

23
   

17
   

35
   

2

59
   

Dept.of School Edu & Lit
   

49659
   

8546
   

9932
   

20
   

4572
   

5314
   

11

60
   

Dept. of High Edu
   

16198
   

2077
   

2432
   

15
   

1022
   

1220
   

8

62
   

Min of Labour and Employ
   

2446
   

353
   

409
   

17
   

169
   

207
   

8

66
   

Min. of MSME
   

2977
   

310
   

357
   

12
   

211
   

244
   

8

67
   

Ministry of Mines
   

454
   

0
   

0
   

0
   

9
   

10
   

2

69
   

Min. of  New and Ren. Energy
   

1519
   

40
   

53
   

4
   

0
   

0
   

0

71
   

Ministry of Panchayati Raj
   

7000
   

24
   

75
   

1
   

12
   

38
   

1

76
   

Ministry of Power
   

9642
   

391
   

800
   

8
   

0
   

0
   

0

82
   

Min. of Road Trans &Highways
   

25860
   

0
   

0
   

0
   

500
   

800
   

3

83
   

Department of R&D
   

74429
   

3820
   

6358
   

9
   

2779
   

4452
   

6

84
   

Department of Land Resources
   

5765
   

492
   

934
   

16
   

302
   

576
   

10

85
   

Dept. of Science & Technology
   

2777
   

26
   

69
   

3
   

22
   

69
   

3

89
   

MSJE
   

6625
   

3889
   

4756
   

72
   

0
   

46
   

1

93
   

Ministry of Textiles
   

4631
   

225
   

232
   

5
   

55
   

56
   

1

94
   

Ministry of Tourism
   

1282
   

0
   

0
   

0
   

24
   

32
   

3

95
   

Ministry of Tribal Affairs
   

4279
   

0
   

0
   

0
   

3100
   

4279
   

100

96
   

Andaman and Nicobar Islands
   

1862
   

0
   

0
   

0
   

3
   

3
   

0

99
   

Daman & Diu
   

630
   

0
   

0
   

0
   

1
   

1
   

0

104
   

Min. of Water Resources
   

1500
   

0
   

0
   

0
   

18
   

20
   

1

105
   

Min.of Women and Child Dev.
   

20350
   

3700
   

4070
   

20
   

1517
   

1669
   

8

106
   

Ministry of Youth Affairs& Sports
   

1093
   

137
   

168
   

15
   

73
   

90
   

8

 
   

Total
   

3,33,868
   

33,085
   

41,561
   

12
   

18,721
   

24,598
   

7

 

 

 

[1] Plan Expenditure for 2013-14 is Rs.Cr.5,55,322. Transfers to the State and UT Plans is Rs.Cr.1,36,254. The Central Plan (Gross Budgetary Support to the Central Ministries) is Rs.Cr.4,19,068.

[2]Corporate Affairs, Civil Aviation, Coal, Steel, Petroleum & Natural Gas, Mines, and,Departmentof Chemicals and Petro Chemicals, Pharmaceuticals, Consumer Affairs, Economic Affairs, Financial Services, Expenditure, Heavy Industries, Public Enterprises Fertilizers, Ministriesof Minority Affairs and Tribal Affairs, Ministry of Earth Sciences, Home Affairs, ExternalAffairs, Personnel, Public Grievances and Pension, Law and Justice,  andDepartments of Health Research; Scientific and Industrial Research; Atomic Energy, Space, Agricultural Research and Education, Ministries of Railways, Water Resources and Departments of Road Transport and Highways, Shipping,Telecommunications, Ministries of Culture, Information and Broadcasting, Planning, Statistics and Programme Implementation, Tourism, Urban Development, and Departments of Industrial Policy and Promotion, Biotechnology; Food & Public Distribution, Food Processing Industries

and Posts.

[3]Ministries of New and Renewable Energy, Environment & Forest, Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises,  Textiles, Department of AYUSH, Commerce, IT, Science and Tech. and Power

[4]Ministry of Labour & Employment, Panchayati Raj, Youth Affairs and Sports, Department of Agriculture & Cooperation, Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries, Health & Family Welfare, Higher Education and Land Resources

[5]Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation, Woman & Child Development, Social Justice & Empowerment, Drinking Water & Sanitation and Department of School Education & Literacy, Rural Development

[6]The Social service are to promote social development which includes department like Education; Art and Culture; Medical and Public Health; Women and Child Development; Water Supply and Sanitation.

[7]Rural Development; Agriculture and Allied Services; Industry & Mineral; Science, Technology and Environment and Transport.

[8] Source – Statement 21 and Statement 21A from the Expenditure Volume I of the union budget  2013-2014

[9] Source – Statement 21 and Statement 21A from the Expenditure Volume I of the union budget  2013-2014

 

 

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